Aortic Stenosis occurs when the aortic valve doesn't open as it should. This causes the heart to harder to pump blood through the valve. As pressure builds up in the left ventricle, the heart muscle thickens. As time goes on, the heart muscle won't be able to keep up with the extra effort to pump blood through the stenotic valve. Eventually, this leads to heart failure.
Common causes of aortic stenosis is calcium buildup on the valve usually from age, a heart valve defect you were born with, rheumatic fever, or endocarditis.
Symptoms associated with aortic stenosis is chest pain, feeling dizzy or faint, shortness of breath, fatigue, or palpitations.
If you notice any of these symptoms, you should let your doctor know right away.
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Aortic Regurgitation occurs when the aortic valve doesn't close as it should. With each heartbeat, some blood leaks back through the aortic valve into the left ventricle. Because the body does not get enough blood with each heartbeat, the heart has to make up for it.
Common causes of aortic regurgitation are bicuspid aortic valve, aging, high blood pressure, rheumatic fever, endocarditis, and aortic dissection or aneurysm.
As aortic regurgitation worsens, patients begin to experience signs and symptoms of fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath, palpitations, chest pain and eventually fainting.
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